/diktam/ A statement, remark, or observation.
@ gratis dictum
a gratuitous or voluntary representation; one which a party is not bound to make.
+ gratis dictum
/greytas diktam/ A voluntary assertion; a statement which a party is not legally bound to make, or in which he is not held to precise accuracy
@ simplex dictum
a mere assertion; an assertion without proof. The word is generally used as an abbreviated form of obiter dictum, "a remark by the way;" that is, an observation or remark made by a judge in pronouncing an opinion upon a cause, concerning some rule, principle, or application of law, or the solution of a question suggested by the case at bar, but not necessarily involved in the case or essential to its determination; any statement of the law enunciated by the court merely by way of illustration, argument, analogy, or suggestion. Statements and comments in an opinion concerning some rule of law or legal proposition not necessarily involved nor essential to determination of the case in hand are obiter dicta, and lack the force of an adjudication. Wheeler v. Wilkin, 98 Colo. 568, 58 P.2d 1223, 1226.
Dicta are opinions of a judge which do not embody the resolution or determination of the court, and made without argument, or full consideration of the point, are not the professed deliberate determinations of the judge himself. In old English law, dictum meant an arbitrament, or the award of arbitrators. In French law, the report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it
See also dicta

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dictum — dic·tum / dik təm/ n pl dic·ta / tə/ [Latin, utterance, from neuter of dictus, past participle of dicere to say]: a view expressed by a judge in an opinion on a point not necessarily arising from or involved in a case or necessary for determining …   Law dictionary

  • Dictum — (lat.), 1) Spruch, Ausspruch, Bonmot, Sprüchwort; 2) Grundsatz; so: Dictum de omni (D. de exemplo) et nullo (D. de diverso), logischer Grundsatz, der vollständig so lautet: Was der Gattung zukommt od. widerspricht, kommt zu od. widerspricht auch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dictum — (latin, Flertal dicia), udsagn, ord; dictum biblicum, bibelsprog; dictum classicum, hovedsted, vigtigste udtalelse om en ting; dicta probantia, bevissteder (især bibelske); dicta septem sapientium, de 7 vises ord; dictus, nævnt, ovennævnt; dicto… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • dictum — ⇒DICTUM, subst. masc. Vx. ,,Dispositif d un jugement, d un arrêt; cette partie d un jugement, d un arrêt qui contient ce que le juge prononce et ordonne (Ac. 1798 1878).Le dictum d une sentence, d un arrêt (Ac. 1798 1878). Rem. Ac. 1878 note que… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dictum — DICTUM. s. m. Mot emprunté du Latin. Le dispositif d une Sentence, d un Arrêt, cette partie d une Sentence ou d un Arrêt qui contient ce que le Juge prononce et ordonne. Le dictum d une Sentence, d un Arrêt …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • dictum — (n.) 1660s, from L. dictum thing said (a saying, bon mot, prophecy, etc.), an order, command, neuter of dictus, pp. of dicere say (see DICTION (Cf. diction)). In legal use, a judge s expression of opinion which is not the formal resolution of a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dictum — [n1] saying; proverb adage, aphorism, apothegm, axiom, brocard, gnome, maxim, moral, motto, precept, rule, saw, truism; concepts 278,689 dictum [n2] decree, pronouncement affirmation, assertion, command, declaration, dictate, edict, fiat, order;… …   New thesaurus

  • dictum — Dictum. s. m. Dispositif, cette partie d une sentence ou d un arrest, qui contient ce que le Juge prononce & ordonne. Le dictum d une sentence, d un arrest …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Dictum — Dic tum, n.; pl. L. {Dicta}, E. {Dictums}. [L., neuter of dictus, p. p. of dicere to say. See {Diction}, and cf. {Ditto}.] 1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm. [1913 Webster] A class of critical dicta everywhere current …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dictum — (lat., Mehrzahl dicta), Spruch, Ausspruch, Wort; d. biblicum, Bibelspruch; d. classicum, Hauptstelle, Hauptspruch; dicta probantia, Beweissprüche, Beweisstellen, besonders biblische, worauf sich ein Glaubenssatz gründet, oder woraus er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dictum — (lat.), Spruch, Ausspruch, Sprichwort …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”